It is suggested that the black wood of ebony is associated with Hekate from the thrice- folding doors of ebony that gave access to her garden. Ebony was also associated with the underworld and Hermes Chthonios 30. Reference is also made to this in the PGM VIII.13– “I also know your wood: ebony” 31.


30 d’Este, S. and Rankine, D. 2009. Hekate: Liminal Rites. London: Avalonia.

31 Betz, H-D, ed. 1996. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation. Chicago: University of
Chicago Press.

The Symbols of the Goddess Hekate
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