Symbols of Hekate

The Goddess Hekate has many symbols she might be recognised by or which might be used to invoke and call upon Her in ceremonies and devotional work. A group of members noted that no one comprehensive list existed for reference and set about creating the list for the benefit of our entire community. This section is the result of their work:

This was a collaborative community project, created in 2013/2014 by a group of CoH members, which includes Anna Marie, BlueWing, Brume, Cat Dubh, Hazel, Deindera, Dorn Simon Sinnot, Florian Schilie, Gianluca Perrini, Syren Nagakyrie, Julie Praus, Larry Phillips, Melissa Artemesia, Mima Cornish, Robert Podmore, Tamrha Gatti Richardson, Tinnekke Bebout and others.              Edits: Sorita d’Este and Larry Phillips.
Compiled from extensive discussions by:
Jenny Clark, Larry Phillips, Aglaia Francesca

The group referenced extensive resources as part of this project which includes:

Ammer, C. 1997. American Heritage Dictionary of Idioms. USA: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt       Publishers.

Atsma, A. 2000-2011. Perseis Theoi ETexts. Available from: Accessed: 24 September 2013

Betz, H-D, ed. 1996. The Greek Magical Papyri in Translation. Chicago: University of
Chicago Press.

Burket, W. 1983. Homo Necans: The Anthropology of Ancient Greek Sacrificial Ritual and Myth.
Translated from German by Bing, P. USA: University of California Press.

Cashford, J. 2003. The Moon: Myth and Image. London: Cassel Illustrated.

d’Este, S. and Rankine, D. 2009. Hekate: Liminal Rites. London: Avalonia.

d’Este, S, ed. 2008. Horns of Power. London: Avalonia

d’Este, S. and Rankine, D. 2009. Practical Elemental Magic. London: Avalonia.

Evelyn White, H.G. trans. 1914. The Theogony of Hesiod. From: Hare, J.B. 1999. Internet Sacred Text Archive. Available from: http://www.sacred Accessed: 2 July 2010

Frazer, J.G. trans. 1931. Ovid: Fasti. Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Press. Available from: (Atsma, A. 2000-2011)

Graf, F. 2004. Sacrifice, Offerings, and Votives: Greece. In Religions of the Ancient
World, edited by Johnston, S.I. USA: Harvard University Press.

Graves, R. 1992. The Greek Myths (Complete Edition). London: Penguin Books.

Helmsing, C. 2015. The Esoteric Codex: Deities of Night.

—†‹ƒIlles, J. 2010. The Element Encyclopedia of Witchcraft. UK: Harper Collins.

Johnston, S. I. 1999. Restless Dead: Encounters Between the Living and Dead in Ancient
Greece. USA: University of California Press.

Johnston, S. I. 1990. Hekate Soteira: A Study of Hekate’s Roles in the Chaldean Oracles and
Related Literature. USA: Scholar Press.

Kant, L.H. 1993. The Interpretations of Religious Symbols in the Graeco-Roman World: A Case Study of Early Christian Fish Symbolism. PhD Thesis submitted to Yale University, USA.

Kerenyi, C. 1991. Eleusis: Archetypal Image of Mother and Daughter. USA: Princeton University Press.

Fairclough, H. R. trans. 1916. Virgil, Aeneid Book 6. Cambridge, USA: Harvard University Press,
Available from:

Leake, W.M. 1841. The Topography of Athens: With Some Remarks on Its Antiquities, Volume
1 [ebook] J, London: Rodwell New Bond Street. Available at Google Books
Accessed: 17 September 2013.

Luna, J. 2009. Hecate: Death, Transition, and Spiritual Mastery. ”‡ƒ–‡’ƒCreate Space Online.

Marquardt, P.A. 1981. A Portrait of Hecate. The American Journal of Philology 102 (3), 243-260.

More, B. trans. 1922. Ovid Metamorphoses 7. Boston, USA: Cornhill Publishing Co.

Moorey, T. 2003. Silver Moon. UK: Rider and Co.

Muller-Ebeling, C, Ratsch, C. Storl, W-D. 2003. Witchcraft Medicine: Healing Arts, Shamanic            Practices and Forbidden Plants. USA: Inner Traditions Bear and Co.

Ogden, D. 2009. Magic, Witchcraft and Ghosts in the Greek and Roman Worlds.
UK: Oxford University Press.

Parker, R. 1983. Miasma: Pollution and Purification in Early Greek Religion. Oxford:
Clarendon Press.

Gifford, E. H. trans. 1994-2009. Porphyry: On Images. Available at

Rabinowitz, J. 1998. The Rotting Goddess: The Origin of the Witch in Classical Antiquity,
USA: Autonomedia.

Ronan, S. 1992. The Goddess Hekate. London: Chthonios Press.

Sanchez, T. 2011. The Temple of Hekate. London: Avalonia.

Seaton, R.C. trans. 1912. Apollonius Rhodius Argonautica. Loeb Classical Library Volume 1,        London: William Heinemann Ltd. Available from:

Simoons, Frederick J. 1998. Plants of Life, Plants of Death. USA: University of Wisconsin Press.

Taylor, T. trans. 1792. The Hymns of Orpheus: 1 40. University of Pennsylvania Press. Theoi E Texts Available from: (Atsma, A. 2000-2011)        Accessed: 25 September 2013

Trombley, F. R. 1993. Hellenic Religion and Christianization circa. 370-529. Leiden: Brill                Publishing.

Wise, T. 1982. Armies of the Carthaginian Wars, 265–146 BCE. London: Osprey
Publishing Ltd.